Measures Concerning Supervision of Sanitation at Border Ports of The Peoples Republic of China


  • (Approved by the State Council on December 30, 1981 and promul-gated by the Ministry of Public Health, Ministry of Communications, General Administration of Civil Aviation of China and the Ministry of Railways on February 4, 1982)

    Chapter I General Provisions
    Article 1
    These Measures are formulated, as required by Article 3 of the Frontier Health and Quarantine Regulations of the Peoples Republic of China [*1], to strengthen the supervision of sanitation at border ports and aboard international means of transport, to improve their sanitary conditions and to block up and extinguish sources of infection, cut off channels of spreading, prevent infectious diseases from spreading into or out of the country and protect the health of the people.
    Article 2
    These measures shall apply to sea ports, airports, railway stations and passes open to the outside world (hereinafter generally referred to as "border ports") and to international vessels, aircraft and vehicles (hereinafter referred to as "means of transport") staying in these places.

    Chapter II Sanitation Requirements at Border Ports
    Article 3
    A cleaning system shall be established in border ports to eliminate the breeding grounds of flies and mosquitos, install litter bins and their regular cleaning so as to keep the environment clean and tidy.
    Article 4
    Domestic refuse in border ports shall be removed every day and fixed refuse dumps provided for that purpose shall be regularly cleared domestic sewage shall not be drained off indiscriminately and shall go through disinfecting treatment so as to prevent the environment and water sources from contamination.
    Article 5
    The departments concerned shall adopt feasible measures to reduce the numbers of insect vectors and rodents to a harmless level in the buildings of border ports.
    Article 6
    All floors of waiting rooms in piers, airports, stations and customs houses shall be kept neat and clean, their walls dust-free and their windows and tables bright and clean. They shall be well ventilated and equipped with necessary sanitation facilities.
    Article 7
    A perfect sanitation system shall be established in restaurants, cafes, canteens, dining rooms, kitchens, buffets and small shops in border ports so as to regularly keep them clean and tidy and make their walls, ceilings, tables and chairs clean and dustfree. The places shall be provided with refrigeration equipment and equipment against mosquitos, flies, mice and cockroaches and no such pests and rodents shall be found inside these buildings.
    Article 8
    Attendants shall be put in charge of the toilets and bathrooms in border ports, cleaning them regularly and keeping them clean and tidy so as to rid them of flies and nasty odours.
    Article 9
    The warehouses, godowns and goods yards in border ports shall be kept clean and tidy. When abnormal death of mice or rats is found, immediate reports shall be given to health quarantine authorities or local public health and epidemic prevention departments.
    Article 10
    The water sources for border ports shall be well protected and toilets, seepage wells, etc. which will pollute the water sources shall not be built within a distance of 30 meters in diameter from a water source.

    Chapter III Sanitation Requirements for Means of Transport
    Article 11
    Means of transport shall be equipped with first-aid medicines and equipment as well as disinfectants, insecticides and rodenticides. If necessary, provisional quarantine rooms shall be arranged aboard ships.
    Article 12
    Provisions concerning the prevention and elimination of insect vectors and rodents from means of transport:
    (1) ships, aircraft and trains shall be provided with adequate preventive measures against rodents so as to eliminate them or to reduce their numbers to a harmless level
    (2) these means of transport shall be kept free from mosquitos, flies or other harmful insects, which shall be eliminated upon discovery.
    Article 13
    The toilets and bathrooms on means of transport shall be kept clean, tidy and free from unpleasant odours.
    Article 14
    The sanitation requirements for the disposal of excrement, urine, refuse and sewage on means of transport are as follows:
    (1) daily refuse shall be put in containers with covers, prohibited from being dumped indiscriminately into port areas, airports or station areas and must be removed by means of special refuse vehicles (or vessels) to designated places for treatment. If necessary, excrement, urine and sewage shall go through sanitary treatment before being disposed of
    (2) the refuse in solid form on board means of transport from epidemic areas of plague shall be disposed of by incineration, while the excrement, urine, ballast water and sewage on board means of transport from the epidemic areas of cholera shall be sterilized if necessary.
    Article 15
    The sanitation requirements for cargo holds, luggage cars, postal cars and freight cars of means of transport as well as trucks are as follows:
    (1) such insect vectors and harmful animals as mosquitos, flies, cockroaches and mice and conditions favourable for their breeding shall be eliminated from cargo holds, luggage cars, postal cars, freight cars and trucks which shall be thoroughly cleaned before goods are being loaded or unloaded so as to be free of excrement, urine and refuse
    (2) the freight cars or trucks carrying poisonous substances and food shall be placed separately in different designated places so as to avoid contamination and shall be thoroughly cleaned after goods are completely unloaded
    (3) the luggage and goods from epidemic areas shall be carefully examined so that no insect vectors and rodents shall subsist therein.
    Article 16
    The sanitation requirements for passenger cabins, lodging cabins and passenger cars of means of transport as well as passenger vehicles are as follows:
    (1) passenger cabins, lodging cabins, passenger cars and other passenger vehicles shall be cleaned whenever necessary, kept free of refuse and dust and well ventilated
    (2) beddings shall be replaced and washed after use each time and be free of lice, fleas, bedbugs or other insect vectors.

    Chapter IV Sanitation Requirements for Food, Drinking Water and Personnel Engaged in These Trades
    Article 17
    The food supplied to border ports and on means of transport shall conform to the provisions in the Regulations of Peoples Republic of China on Food Hygienic Control [*2] and food hygienic standards.
    Article 18
    The drinking water supplied to border ports and on means of transport shall conform to Hygienic Standards of Drinking Water stipulated by the state. The vehicles used in transporting drinking water as well as storage containers and water pipelines shall be cleaned regularly and kept clean.
    Article 19
    The health requirements for personnel engaged in supplying food and drinking water as follows:
    (1) the patients or carriers of infectious intestinal diseases or sufferers from active tuberculosis or suppurative exudative dermatosis shall not be engaged in supplying food and drinking water
    (2) all personnel engaged in the supply of food and drinking water shall go through a medical check-up every year. Those newly engaged in this work shall first have a medical check-up and those proved up to the standard shall be granted health certificates
    (3) the personnel engaged in the supply of food and drinking water shall cultivate good hygienic habits, dress neatly and cleanly at work and strictly abide by the hygienic operation system.

    Chapter V The Duties of Persons in Charge of Border Ports and Means of Transport
    Article 20
    The duties of the officers in charge of border ports and means of transport pertaining to sanitation and hygiene are as follows
    (1) to do a good job in keeping u